How to cure periodontitis? Most people have this problem, even though they don’t know it, are you among them?
Periodontology is a branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention and treatment of periodontal disease. The supporting structures of the teeth that make up the gingiva, or gums. And the bone and fibres that connect the tooth to the jawbone.
What are periodontal diseases and how do they occur?
Gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums, is the most common periodontal disease. It occurs as a result of insufficient maintenance of oral hygiene, accumulation and development of bacteria in the areas around the gums. It is characterized by redness and mild pain in the gums and possible bleeding gums. When the gums are inflamed, the slight redness becomes darker over time, the gums swell, and the pain becomes stronger.
Gingivitis, no matter how harmless it may seem at first if left untreated can lead to much more serious disease – periodontitis or periodontitis. Periodontitis occurs by the spread and penetration of an untreated infection of the teeth and gums below the surface of the teeth and gums. This disease is much more difficult to treat than gingivitis, and advanced periodontitis will cause weakening of the supporting tissues of the teeth, which ultimately leads to tooth loss.
Symptoms of gingivitis and periodontitis
When we talk about the symptoms of gingivitis. The first thing you will notice is a slight swelling of the gums, pain and discolouration of the gingiva. The gums can be so sensitive that they even start to bleed to the touch. It is very likely that the plaque that causes the inflammation will not be able to be seen with the naked eye. But do not be misled, it exists and needs to be treated. It is possible to have pus and pull the gums. Or to reveal the roots of the teeth under the gums.
Untreated gingivitis penetrates deeper, the infection spreads and causes periodontitis. Many people are not even aware that they are suffering from this disease once it is too late. Since it is a spread of infection below the surface of the gums is impossible to diagnose. This disease on your own, and once it comes to light and your teeth start to lose support and fall out. It is already too late.
How to treat periodontitis
One of the most common questions of patients is how to cure periodontitis. The best way is to prevent it from happening at all by curing gingivitis thorough dental examinations. The much milder inflammatory form that is much easier to treat.
Inflamed gums are very painful and interfere with our daily lives. It is often accompanied by bleeding that can cause even the slightest touch. In order to be able to approach the treatment, it is first necessary to repair the inflammation itself. In these situations, it is possible to use antibiotics, which will be decided by the dentist as needed. Then comes the removal of the cause of inflammation, ie accumulated plaque, tartar, bacteria from the root of the tooth below the level of the gums. In extremely serious cases, when the infection has spread too much. There is a possibility of the need for surgical intervention.
Withdrawal of the gums is a consequence of gingivitis or periodontitis, and it looks very unattractive. Under the influence of plaque and bacteria, the gums withdraw from the tooth. Thus revealing the root of the tooth itself. This unnatural detection of the tooth crown means that the tooth is more sensitive and more exposed to bacteria and plaque. Making it more susceptible to diseases such as caries. Which means that after removing the pathogen, the gums recover and return to their natural position.
A gummy smile is a phenomenon in which the gums are significantly pronounced in relation to the teeth. Making the teeth visually shorter and inconsistent. This phenomenon is of an aesthetic nature, so it most actually affects the self-confidence of the person who has it. If this is the case, the gummy smile can be solved by removing part of the gums. Thus extending the crown of the tooth itself. Thus redefining the respective proportions of the gums and the tooth itself.
How to prevent periodontitis?
As already mentioned, periodontitis, ie the degree of its development, is difficult to determine visually. If an inflammatory condition has already occurred, it is necessary to visit the dentist without delay and start the treatment.
Also, it is necessary to regularly clean teeth from tartar in the dental office. Ultimately, regular maintenance of oral hygiene, which includes cleaning the interdental space with dental floss and an interdental toothbrush, will significantly contribute to reducing the chances of developing periodontal disease.
Read more about: How To Keep Your Gums Healthy?